Fall Strip Tillage Systems: An Introduction

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Published May 19, 2006 | By admin

 

 

Ohio State University Fact Sheet

 

 

What is STRIP TILLAGE?

 

Strip Tillage is a system combining the benefits of no-till and full-width tillage. Strip tillage is usually performed in the fall following soybeans or wheat to prepare the ground for corn planting. Tillage is confined to narrow strips where seeds will be planted.

 

The loosened soil in the strip creates a ridge 3 to 4 inches high, which improves soil drainage and warming. By spring, it usually settles down to 1 to 2 inches high, and after planting the field is flat.

 

Row middles are untilled and covered with undisturbed crop residue. Fertilizer can also be applied during strip tillage.

 

 

Why do STRIP TILLAGE?

 

No-till corn production has not been successful on many flat, poorly drained soils in Ohio. Fall strip tillage is a good alternative to plowing.

 

 

Benefits of strip tillage

 

* soil conservation-undisturbed residue between corn rows (maintains long term no-till benefits)

* improved soil conditions-for development of corn plant in row (warmer, mellow seed bed)

* banding of fertilizer-placing nutrients near crop roots may allow reduced rates

* optimized planting conditions-earlier planting, less need for starter fertilizer

 

 

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